M076 Adoramus te Christe : Virgo mitis

Standardised text incipit: 
Adoramus te Christe : Virgo mitis
Standardised composer: 
Attribution notes: 
unanimously attr. to Compère as part of C14b (see Further notes).
Reference source: 
I-Mfd 3, ff. 131v-132r
Number of voices: 
5
Mensuration: 

 
Length: 
53
Signature: 
-
Clefs: 
c1c4c4c4f4
Final: 
D/D
Music incipit: 
fegfgfff
fgddcdda
acbagaaf
acbagaa.
dcgdeddd
Pre-existing melodies (Cantus prius facti): 

1st phrase of verse 1 of the sequence Mane prima sabbati (Cantus ID ah54143) quoted in T2 (passage "ave virgo virginum"):

1--d--d--c--d--e--f--g---4

"Mane prima sabbati" (http://daten.digitale-sammlungen.de/~db/0003/bsb00035323/images/index.html?id=00035323&groesser=&fip=93.1.38.235&no=3&seite=504)

2nd phrase of verse 1 of the sequence Mane prima sabbati (Cantus ID ah54143) quoted in T1 (passage "ave lumen luminum"):

1--f--d--f--c--f--e--d--4

"surgens dei filius" (ibid.)

3rd phrase of verse 1 of the sequence Mane prima sabbati (Cantus ID ah54143) quoted in T2 (passage "ave stella praevia"):

1--f--g--h--g--f--e--d--4

"nostra spes et gloria" (ibid.)

1st phrase of verse 2a of the sequence Mane prima sabbati (Cantus ID ah54143) quoted in T1 (passage "castitatis lilium"):

1--h--g--f-e--d--g--g--a---4

"Victo rege sceleris" (ibid.)

2nd phrase of verse 2a of the sequence Mane prima sabbati (Cantus ID ah54143) quoted in T2 (passage "consolatrix omnium"):

1--h--g--fe--de--f--e--c---4

"rediit ab inferis" (ibid.)

3rd phrase of verse 2a of the sequence Mane prima sabbati (Cantus ID ah54143) quoted in T1 (passage "peccatorum venia"):

1--e--f--d--e--c--d--d----4

"cum summa victoria" (ibid.)

Modern editions: 
CMM 15.2; AMMM 13, 98-103
Literature: 
Discography: 
Further notes: 

Cycle C14a, whose three component motets (M071, M072 and M074) are concordant with motets in C14b, is attributed to "Loyset" in I-Mfd 1, index (see the record for fuller details). The present motet has been unanimously attributed to Compère as part of C14b: see for instance FINSCHER 1964, 92.

At the end of the bass part in the previous motet (M075) there is a "verte folium" rubric pointing to the present motet; moreover, M075 ends with breves, whereas all the other motets in the cycle end with longae: GASSER 2001, 310 therefore considers M075 and M076 as one motet for the Sanctus-ad elevationem-post elevationem complex.

Text details

Standardised text incipit: 
Adoramus te Christe
Liturgical/devotional association: 
Holy Cross observances
Marian feasts and observances
Full text: 

Adoramus te Christe et benedicimus tibi, quia per sanctam crucem tuam redemisti mundum.

Virgo mitis, virgo pia
Esto nobis vitae via,
Esto nostrum refugium
Ut cum dulci melodia
Cantemus “Ave Maria”.

Ave virgo virginum,
Ave lumen luminum,
Ave stella praevia.

Castitatis lilium,
Consolatrix omnium,
Peccatorum venia.

Tu pincerna veniae,
Tu lucerna gratiae,
Tu superna gloriae
Es regina
Et vera mentis anxiae
medicina.

English translation: 

We adore you Christ and we bless you, because through your Holy Cross you have redeemed the world.

Sweet virgin, pious virgin, be for us a path of Life, be our refuge, so that we may sing with a sweet melody "Ave Maria."

Hail, virgin of virgins, hail light of lights, hail, guiding star.

Lily of chastity, consoler of all, Forgiveness of sins.

You are the bearer of forgiveness, you are the lamp of grace, you are the highest queen of glory and the true medicine of the scared soul.

 

Correspondences in standard ref works: 

Adoramus ... mundum = multipurpose antiphon for the Holy Cross, used e.g. in the Short Office of the Cross, in Good Friday observances, for the feast of the Exaltation of the Cross (Cantus ID 001287), etc.

Virgo ... via ≈ Marian sequence “tempore paschali”, AH 8, No. 59 , p. 56, st. 6a
Virgo mitis, virgo pia / spes reorum, vitae via, / virgo plena gratia.

or the sequence Mater sancta sanctae spei, AH 34, No. 145, p. 114, st. 11a-b
Alma parens, virgo pia, / Esto nobis vitae via, / Porta, portus, o Maria,
Ut cantemus ante thronum / Agni dantis omne bonum / Sempiternum Alleluia.

Ave virgo ... venia = Marian sequence Ave virgo virginum, AH 54, No. 285, p. 432, st. 1 and 3

Tu pincerna ... regina = Marian sequence Mariae praeconio, AH 54, No. 249, p. 391, st. 6

Related texts in polyphonic sources: 

Adoramus ... mundum is included in the texts of other Elevation motets, see T056 / M056 (as part of C16 Ave domine Iesu Christe, attr. to Compère) and and T110 / M110.

See also T177 (as part of C44 In nomine Iesu / Officium de cruce, by Compère) and T254.

Music incipit (MEI): 

Sources with this motet

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